The University of Wisconsin-Madison is a public research university in Madison, Wisconsin. Founded in 1848, UW-Madison is the flagship school of the University of Wisconsin System. Enrollment is over 42,000 students, of whom approximately 29,000 are undergraduates.
A public, land-grant university, the University of Wisconsin-Madison is categorized as an RU/VH Research University (very high research activity) in the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher EducationTM. The university offers a wide spectrum of scholarly studies, professional programs, and student activities.
Referred to as a "Public Ivy," UW-Madison ranked second among American universities in research and development expenditures for the 2006 fiscal year, generating more than $800 million in research, according to statistics compiled by the National Science Foundation. U.S. News & World Report ranked UW-Madison as the eighth-best public university in the United States in 2008.